Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
144,734
0.824% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
31.3
0.321% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
23.3%
1.47% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$54,655
7.84% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$267,400
16.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
52,207
0.648% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA had a population of 145k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $54,655. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA declined from 145,937 to 144,734, a −0.824% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,680 to $54,655, a 7.84% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are Other (Hispanic) (32.6%), White (Hispanic) (29.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (15.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (14.4%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.68%).

63.1% of the households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

78.5% of the residents in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are West Hills College-Coalinga (1,053 degrees awarded in 2022) and Lawrence & Company College of Cosmetology (483957) (50 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was $267,400, and the homeownership rate was 49.3%.

Most people in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA is home to a population of 145k people, from which 78.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 30.4% of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (44k people).

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (47.1k people) in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 42.2k White (Hispanic) and 22.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are Spanish (79,572 households), Punjabi (2,925 households), and Arabic (600 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
69,174
Women
47.8%
75,414
Men
52.2%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 144,588 inhabitants, with 52.2% men, and 47.8% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

78.5%
2022 Citizenship
77.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 78.5% of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was 77.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    47.1k ± 3.62k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    42.2k ± 2.75k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    22.4k ± 2.58k
78.7%
Hispanic Population
114k people

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (47.1k people) in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 42.2k White (Hispanic) and 22.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

78.7% of the people in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are hispanic (114k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    35,403 ± 4,014 people
  2. El Salvador
    4,194 ± 1,567 people
  3. India
    1,902 ± 1,064 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 35,403 Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA residents, followed by El Salvador with 4,194 and India with 1,902.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
44k people
30.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
44.2k people

As of 2022, 30.4% of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA residents (44k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was 30.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    79,572 households (59.1%)
  2. Punjabi
    2,925 households (2.17%)
  3. Arabic
    600 households (0.445%)

63.1% of the households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was Spanish. 59.1% of the households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,011 ± 207
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    839 ± 238
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    318 ± 153

Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA employs 52.2k people. The largest industries in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are Farming (9,542 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,402 people), and Construction (3,003 people), and the highest paying industries are Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($88,075), Water, steam, air-conditioning, & irrigation systems ($84,762), and Cement, concrete, lime, & gypsum product manufacturing ($84,748).

Males in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.18 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,980. The income inequality in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
21,524
Women
41.3%
30,571
Men
58.7%

The workforce of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA in 2020 was 52,095 people, with 41.3% woman, and 58.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

52.2k
2022 Value
0.648%
1 Year growth
± 0.648%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 0.648%, from 51.9k employees to 52.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (10,186 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,379 people), and Personal care aides (1,495 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

52.2k
2022 Value
0.648%
1 Year growth
± 0.648%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 0.648%, from 51.9k employees to 52.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA, are Farming (9,542 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,402 people), and Construction (3,003 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,145
Median earning men ± $1,305
$28,052
Median earning women ± $1,783

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($76,554), Information ($70,978), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,073).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($50,603), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($49,896), and Construction ($34,688).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA awarded 1,103 degrees. The student population of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,407 male students and 1,696 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (913 and 83%), followed by White (109 and 9.91%), Unknown (32 and 2.91%), and Asian (13 and 1.18%).

The largest universities in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are West Hills College-Coalinga (1,053 and 95.5%) and Lawrence & Company College of Cosmetology (483957) (50 and 4.53%).

The most popular majors in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (496 and 45%), Child Care Provider (128 and 11.6%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (82 and 7.43%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 3,103 students enrolled in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA, 45.3% men and 54.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 2,352 records, of which 57.1% were women and 42.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 193 degrees awarded
  2. 82 degrees awarded
  3. 39 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 193 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,053 degrees awarded
  2. 50 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was West Hills College-Coalinga with 1,053 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 327 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA, which is 0.421 times less than the 776 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 913 degrees mean that there were 8.38 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 109 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,380) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,126) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 4.37% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 3.37% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA in 2022 were Primary Education (31.1k), High School or Equivalent (28.9k), and Secondary Education (24.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was $267,400 in 2022, which is 0.949 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $229,500 to $267,400, a 16.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA is 49.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA is $54,655. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

Property

$267,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,862
$19,460
Median Property Taxes
±$1,092

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

49.3%
Homeownership
2022
68.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 49.3% of the housing units in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 49.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$54,655
Median Household Income
± $1,991
39.5k
Number of Households
± 1,609

In 2022, the median household income of the 39.5k households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA grew to $54,655 from the previous year's value of $50,680.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.428
2022 Wage GINI in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA
0.433
2021 Wage GINI in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA

In 2022, the income inequality in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.28% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.8%)
  2. Carpooled (15%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.4%)

In 2022, 74.8% of workers in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (15%) and those who worked at home (5.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.02% of the workforce in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

23.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA (32.5k out of 139k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.4% of the population of Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 27.6% on employee plans, 43.7% on Medicaid, 6.69% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 0.7% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 32.3% under 18 years, 22.9% between 18 and 34 years, 34.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 10.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.6%
Uninsured
27.6%
Employer Coverage
43.7%
Medicaid
6.69%
Medicare
10.7%
Non-Group
0.7%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA grew by 1.05% from 10.5% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno County (West)--Selma, Kerman & Coalinga Cities PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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